National Library launches archive with 192 million pre-1950s news articles

The National Library has launched a website containing a massive volume of Korean news articles published before 1950.

The "Korea Newspaper Archive" has about 192 million articles from 70 newspapers.

The site is based on a Linked on Data (LOD) system that allows articles from different sources to be categorized by keywords such as people and chronology. The site also has been built to match automatically the size of the screen used.

"The Korea Newspaper Archive will give users opportunities to explore the nation's early modern period, including the Japanese colonial period, through news stories," a National Library spokesman said. "It is the most realistic record for the study of the modern and contemporary history of early Korea."

The spokesman said the archive will be great for history research, broadcast documentary quotations and educational textbook development.

Politics And Academics Challenge Of De-linking

Mukti Rijal
A World Bank study on higher and tertiary education in the developed and developing countries published a few years ago mentions about the rampaging student politics  in Nepal.  It mentions how the student democracy entrenched in the public colleges has paralysed academic space in the country.  The study especially refers to the student union election that has a damaging effect upon the calendar of operation of the university and the constituent colleges.
Right reflection
The bowled over and high profile student politics that has gripped the public campuses in Nepal especially due to the upcoming union elections correctly reflects the assessment of the above mentioned World Bank study.  
Prime Minister Puspa Kamal Dahal  ‘Prachanda’ had  observed in the Senate meeting of  Tribhuvan University held  recently  that the election of the student unions  was  needed  because the political parties  have gradually faced with the shortage of the political functionaries to be adsorbed in the full fledged party politics. According to Prime Minister Prachanda, the student  union elections in campuses provide a breeding ground for the leaders of the political parties.
 In fact, the top-notch student leaders like Bal Krishna Khand, Gagan Thapa, Yogesh Bhatatrai, Shankar Pokharel, Ghanashyam Bhusal and Rabindra Adhikari are some of the
bright stars in the firmament of the Nepalese politics. These former leaders of student unions have transited to the full fledged political life and earned their good name. They provide drive and zeal to the national politics and represent the voices of people effectively in a dignified manner.
 Needless to say, the student politics in Nepal provides a mirror image of the national party politics.  This is also true about the student politics in most of the South Asian nations
like India and Bangladesh where the students are beholden to the party politics.  In India the cadre-based parties like BJP and CPI (M) tend to indoctrinate and educate the students in the core ideology they pursue and deploy them as if they were their own functionaries and activists.  Whether it is to stage protests and call strikes or vandalise public assets and outsmart, if not intimidate the opponents, students are pressed into actions.  They are used a means through which political parties find it easy to reach their messages out in the society at large.
 In Bangladesh   student outfits working as proxy agents of the political parties--like the Bangladesh Nationalist Party and the Awami League--often get locked into pitched bloody battles at the beck and call of their respective parent parties.  
 Even the engineering and medical colleges are not spared from the nefarious and destructive designs of the party politics.  
In spearheading and intensifying hartal and band  effectively  they play the foul role in this part of the world. Some times ago, the CPIM affiliated student union not only had shut down of the Jadavpur university--one of the elite and reputed technical universities in India, but also  vandalised its precious and  invaluable assets and property.  The reason why they resorted to such destructive acts was to protest the Mamata Banerjee headed  state
government’s    action against  a   teacher for his alleged indulgence in lampooning  the chief minister through the release of a cartoon.
 Similarly, students in the prestigious central universities in India like Jawaharlal  Nehru University and Delhi University indulge in strikes acting as agents of the political groups.  
The above cases illustrate the nominal samples of the student unions’ excesses  and egregious acts  motivated by covert  political intent.
Dr.  Rajesh Tandon, an Indian scholar  and reputed civil society leader  in New Delhi, is recorded to have remarked some times ago that  no single case of  strikes, protests and disobedience in India over the last  many years  was  found provoked or resorted to  with an intent to exert pressure for improving the  academic ambience and situation. They were all meant for serving the political ends of the parties they were wrapped up with.  This is very much a fact of reality in the case of Nepal where political parties openly plot the design and press the students into actions as champion vector of their slogans and stances.  
The political parties have a vested interest in choosing the candidates for the election of the student unions.  And even the faction-ridden party leaders openly canvas and plead to ensure that the student leaders loyal to one’s own group or faction were fielded and voted to the executive leadership of the college unions.
Political meddling
 According to the schedule, the Student Union election is going to be held in the campuses next week, but some groups of the students are fielded into action to disturb the elections.  They have opposed the provision related to age bar of 28 years arguing that this denies the right of students who have crossed age bar to take leadership role in the student politics. This   offers a very strong case of political meddling and influence in defining the reality of campus union politics.
 The major student unions affiliated to the big parties have been alleged to have maneuvered to   admit the bogus or counterfeit students in the campuses  with a view  to capturing  the union elections and outwitting  the rivals.
What is interesting to note that the student elections do appear as if they were fought on national political issues and concerns, not on the ones related with the interests of the student community  in particular and others in general.  The meddling of politics in the academic world has fouled the quality of education and management in Nepal as both students and teachers are dictated
and motivated by extra-academic interests. The de-linking of the academia from politics, therefore, offers the major challenge to improve and develop academic system in the country.

NIIED KGSP Scholarship 2017 – Complete Guide

NIIED has announced the application guidelines of the 2017 Korean Government Scholarship Program for Graduate Degrees.
Scholarship Benefits
– Entry to Korea: an economy class flight ticket to Korea
– Return flight: an economy class flight ticket from Korea to KGSP scholar’s home country
– The airfare for entry will NOT be provided to scholars who have resided in Korea from the time of applying and on.
– The return flight is available only for the KGSP scholars who successfully complete their degree coursework.
– The return flight is NOT offered for those who withdraw from the scholarship.
– Any fees incurred in the domestic travel within a KGSP scholar’s home country are NOT covered.
– International travel insurance is NOT covered.
– The flight tickets for the Chinese and Czech KGSP scholars will be prepared and provided by the Chinese and the Czech governments, according to the agreements with the Korean government.
Settlement Allowance: 200,000 KRW
Monthly Allowance
– Degree Program (Master’s or Doctoral): 900,000 KRW
– Research Program: 1,500,000 KRW
Research Allowance
– Liberal Arts and Social Science Degrees: 210,000 KRW per semester
– Science, Technology and Engineering Degrees: 240,000 KRW per semester
Language Training Fees: Fully covered


1. Nationality
 Applicants and their parents must hold foreign citizenship.
Korean citizens, including those who hold dual citizenship, are NOT eligible to apply.
Applicants and their parents who had previously held Korean citizenship must submit the document of the renunciation of their Korean citizenship.
2. Age
Applicants must be under 40 years of age as of September 1, 2017 (born after September 1, 1977).
An applicant who qualifies ALL conditions below is eligible to apply as long as he or she is under 45 years of age as of September 1, 2017 (born after September 1, 1972):
– He or she must be working as a professor at the time of applying; and
– He or she is a citizen of one of the countries below.
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyz Republic, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
 3. Degree Requirements
Applicants must hold a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree as of August 31, 2017.
– A Bachelor ’s degree, or a diploma equivalent to a Bachelor ’s degree, is required for a Master ’s program applicant.
– A Maste r’s degree, or a diploma equivalent to a Master ’s degree, is required for a Doctoral program applicant.
The Research Program applicants must hold a degree, or a diploma equivalent to or higher than a Master ’s degree as of August 31, 2017.
– Postdoctoral Research Program: A Doctoral degree, or a diploma equivalent to a Doctoral degree, is required.
– Professor Exchange Program: A Master ’s degree, or a diploma equivalent to or higher than a Master  ’s degree, is required.
An Applicant who is expected to obtain the official diploma by August 31, 2017 must submit a certificate of expected degree at the time of applying. The official diploma must be submitted as soon as it is issued.
Applicants who have completed a Bachelor’s, Master’s or Doctoral degree in Korea are NOT eligible to apply.This restriction does not apply for Overseas Korean Adoptee applicants.
 4. Grades
Applicants must maintain a grade point average (GPA) higher than any ONE of the followings:
–  2.64 on a 4.0 scale;
–  2.80 on a 4.3 scale;
–  2.91 on a 4.5 scale;
–  3.23 on a 5.0 scale; or
–  Score percentile: 80%
Please refer to the Appendix A for the GPA conversion table.
Any applications with a GPA below the threshold above will be automatically disqualified and discarded.
It is required to submit an official document issued by the applicant’ s alma mater  describing the university’ s evaluation system as well as the applicant’ s academic achievement in any ONE of the following cases:
–  An applicant’ s transcript does not include information on GPA, marks or score percentile; or
–  The grades on an applicant’ s transcript are difficult to be converted into any one of the GPA criteria
mentioned above.


1. How to Apply
Applicants must apply for the Korean Government Scholarship Program either through the Korean Embassy in their home country or one of the selected universities.
Offices accepting applications
–  117 Embassies of the Republic of Korea: At some embassies, the Korean Education Center or the Korean Cultural Center is the department in charge of accepting and reviewing the KGSP applications. Contacting the embassy to inquire on the department in charge is strongly recommended.
–  65 Universities in Korea
The application submitted to more than ONE office above, will be automatically disqualified and discarded.
Those who apply as overseas Korean adoptees must apply through the Korean Embassy in their home countries. Only those from the selected 12 countries are eligible to apply under this option.
KGSP alumni are eligible to apply through the Embassy Track only.
Applicants from China must submit their applications to the China Scholarship Council, in accordance with the agreement between the government of Korea and the government of China.
Applicants from the Czech Republic must submit their applications to the Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic, in accordance with the agreement between the government of Korea and the government of the Czech Republic.
2. Deadline of Application Submission
The deadlines are set by the Korean Embassies and universities that accept applications.
Applicants must check the deadline of the embassy or of the university by contacting them directly.
Please refer to the following:
– Contact information for embassies: See Appendix B.
– Contact information for universities: See Appendix C or the University Information file, announced along with the current application guidelines.
3. Fields of Study and University Choice
(1) Embassy Track
Applicants must choose  THREE desired universities as well as fields of study out of the 66 universities listed above in section III.
Applications that pass the 2nd round of selection will be reviewed by the universities for admission.
(Please refer to “4. Selection Procedure” below.)
(2) University Track
 Applicants must choose  ONE desired university out of the 66 universities listed above in section III.
(3) For the list of available universities and degree programs, please refer to the “University Information” file, announced along with the guidelines.
You can download the complete application guidelines and application forms from following links:
1. Application Guidelines
2. University information
3. Application Forms (“.docx” format)
Check the guidelines carefully for further information such as the eligibility requirements, required documents and directions to submit the application.
The deadline will be decided by each office that accepts the application documents, i.e. the Korean Embassies or selected universities. Please make sure to check their separate announcement for the deadlines.T

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